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The simplest output functions are those that display numbers from the
data or floating-point stacks. Floating-point output is always displayed
using base 10. Numbers displayed from the data stack use the value stored
in `base`

.

`.`

n –core “dot”

Display (the signed single number) `n` in free-format, followed by a space.

`dec.`

n –gforth “dec.”

Display *n* as a signed decimal number, followed by a space.

`hex.`

u –gforth “hex.”

Display *u* as an unsigned hex number, prefixed with a "$" and
followed by a space.

`u.`

u –core “u-dot”

Display (the unsigned single number) `u` in free-format, followed by a space.

`.r`

n1 n2 –core-ext “dot-r”

Display `n1` right-aligned in a field `n2` characters wide. If more than
`n2` characters are needed to display the number, all digits are displayed.
If appropriate, `n2` must include a character for a leading “-”.

`u.r`

u n –core-ext “u-dot-r”

Display `u` right-aligned in a field `n` characters wide. If more than
`n` characters are needed to display the number, all digits are displayed.

`d.`

d –double “d-dot”

Display (the signed double number) `d` in free-format. followed by a space.

`ud.`

ud –gforth “u-d-dot”

Display (the signed double number) `ud` in free-format, followed by a space.

`d.r`

d n –double “d-dot-r”

Display `d` right-aligned in a field `n` characters wide. If more than
`n` characters are needed to display the number, all digits are displayed.
If appropriate, `n` must include a character for a leading “-”.

`ud.r`

ud n –gforth “u-d-dot-r”

Display `ud` right-aligned in a field `n` characters wide. If more than
`n` characters are needed to display the number, all digits are displayed.

`f.`

r –float-ext “f-dot”

Display (the floating-point number) *r* without exponent,
followed by a space.

`fe.`

r –float-ext “f-e-dot”

Display *r* using engineering notation (with exponent dividable
by 3), followed by a space.

`fs.`

r –gforth “f-s-dot”

Display *r* using scientific notation (with exponent), followed
by a space.

`fp.`

r –float-ext “f-e-dot”

Display *r* using SI prefix notation (with exponent dividable
by 3, converted into SI prefixes if available), followed by a space.

Examples of printing the number 1234.5678E23 in the different floating-point output formats are shown below.

f. 123456780000000000000000000. fe. 123.456780000000E24 fs. 1.23456780000000E26 fp. 123.456780000000Y

`precision`

– ufloat-ext “precision”

*u* is the number of significant digits currently used by
`F.`

`FE.`

and `FS.`

`set-precision`

u –float-ext “set-precision”

Set the number of significant digits currently used by
`F.`

`FE.`

and `FS.`

to *u*.

`f.rdp`

rf +nr +nd +np –gforth “f.rdp”

Print float *rf* formatted. The total width of the output is
*nr*. For fixed-point notation, the number of digits after the
decimal point is *+nd* and the minimum number of significant
digits is *np*. `Set-precision`

has no effect on
`f.rdp`

. Fixed-point notation is used if the number of
siginicant digits would be at least *np* and if the number of
digits before the decimal point would fit. If fixed-point notation
is not used, exponential notation is used, and if that does not
fit, asterisks are printed. We recommend using *nr*>=7 to avoid
the risk of numbers not fitting at all. We recommend
*nr*>=*np*+5 to avoid cases where `f.rdp`

switches to
exponential notation because fixed-point notation would have too
few significant digits, yet exponential notation offers fewer
significant digits. We recommend *nr*>=*nd*+2, if you want to
have fixed-point notation for some numbers; the smaller the value
of *np*, the more cases are shown in fixed-point notation (cases
where few or no significant digits remain in fixed-point notation).
We recommend *np*>*nr*, if you want to have exponential
notation for all numbers.

For `f.rdp`

the output depends on the parameters. To give you a
better intuition of how they influence the output, here are some
examples of parameter combinations; in each line the same number is
printed, in each column the same parameter combination is used for
printing:

12 13 0 7 3 4 7 3 0 7 3 1 7 5 1 7 7 1 7 0 2 4 2 1 |-1.234568E-6|-1.2E-6| -0.000|-1.2E-6|-1.2E-6|-1.2E-6|-1.2E-6|****| |-1.234568E-5|-1.2E-5| -0.000|-1.2E-5|-.00001|-1.2E-5|-1.2E-5|****| |-1.234568E-4|-1.2E-4| -0.000|-1.2E-4|-.00012|-1.2E-4|-1.2E-4|****| |-1.234568E-3|-1.2E-3| -0.001| -0.001|-.00123|-1.2E-3|-1.2E-3|****| |-1.234568E-2|-1.2E-2| -0.012| -0.012|-.01235|-1.2E-2|-1.2E-2|-.01| |-1.234568E-1|-1.2E-1| -0.123| -0.123|-.12346|-1.2E-1|-1.2E-1|-.12| |-1.2345679E0| -1.235| -1.235| -1.235|-1.23E0|-1.23E0|-1.23E0|-1E0| |-1.2345679E1|-12.346|-12.346|-12.346|-1.23E1|-1.23E1| -12.|-1E1| |-1.2345679E2|-1.23E2|-1.23E2|-1.23E2|-1.23E2|-1.23E2| -123.|-1E2| |-1.2345679E3|-1.23E3|-1.23E3|-1.23E3|-1.23E3|-1.23E3| -1235.|-1E3| |-1.2345679E4|-1.23E4|-1.23E4|-1.23E4|-1.23E4|-1.23E4|-12346.|-1E4| |-1.2345679E5|-1.23E5|-1.23E5|-1.23E5|-1.23E5|-1.23E5|-1.23E5|-1E5|

Next: Formatted numeric output, Previous: Other I/O, Up: Other I/O [Contents][Index]