A wordlist is a list of named words; you can add new words and look up
words by name (and you can remove words in a restricted way with
markers). Every named (and
revealed) word is in one wordlist.
The text interpreter searches the wordlists present in the search order (a stack of wordlists), from the top to the bottom. Within each wordlist, the search starts conceptually at the newest word; i.e., if two words in a wordlist have the same name, the newer word is found.
New words are added to the compilation wordlist (aka current wordlist).
A word list is identified by a cell-sized word list identifier (wid) in much the same way as a file is identified by a file handle. The numerical value of the wid has no (portable) meaning, and might change from session to session.
The Standard Forth “Search order” word set is intended to provide a set of
low-level tools that allow various different schemes to be
implemented. Gforth also provides
vocabulary, a traditional Forth
word. compat/vocabulary.fs provides an implementation in Standard
forth-wordlist– wid search “forth-wordlist”
Constant – wid identifies the word list that includes all of the standard words
provided by Gforth. When Gforth is invoked, this word list is the compilation word
list and is at the top of the search order.
definitions– search “definitions”
Set the compilation word list to be the same as the word list that is currently at the top of the search order.
get-current– wid search “get-current”
wid is the identifier of the current compilation word list.
set-currentwid – search “set-current”
Set the compilation word list to the word list identified by wid.
get-order– widn .. wid1 n search “get-order”
Copy the search order to the data stack. The current search order has n entries, of which wid1 represents the wordlist that is searched first (the word list at the top of the search order) and widn represents the wordlist that is searched last.
set-orderwidn .. wid1 n – search “set-order”
If n=0, empty the search order. If n=-1, set the
search order to the implementation-defined minimum search order
(for Gforth, this is the word list
replace the existing search order with the n wid entries
such that wid1 represents the word list that will be
searched first and widn represents the word list that will
be searched last.
wordlist– wid search “wordlist”
Create a new, empty word list represented by wid.
table– wid gforth “table”
Create a lookup table (case-sensitive, no warnings).
cs-wordlist– wid gforth “cs-wordlist”
Create a case-sensitive wordlist.
cs-vocabulary"name" – gforth “cs-vocabulary”
Create a case-senisitve vocabulary
>orderwid – gforth “to-order”
Push wid on the search order.
previous– search-ext “previous”
Drop the wordlist at the top of the search order.
also– search-ext “also”
DUP for the search order. Usually used before a
also Forth); the combined effect is to push
the wordlist represented by the vocabulary on the search order.
Forth– search-ext “Forth”
Replace the wid at the top of the search order with the
wid associated with the word list
Only– search-ext “Only”
Set the search order to the implementation-defined minimum search
order (for Gforth, this is the word list
order– search-ext “order”
Print the search order and the compilation word list. The word lists are printed in the order in which they are searched (which is reversed with respect to the conventional way of displaying stacks). The compilation word list is displayed last.
findc-addr – xt +-1 | c-addr 0 core,search “find”
Search all word lists in the current search order for the
definition named by the counted string at c-addr. If the
definition is not found, return 0. If the definition is found
return 1 (if the definition has non-default compilation
semantics) or -1 (if the definition has default compilation
semantics). The xt returned in interpret state represents
the interpretation semantics. The xt returned in compile
state represented either the compilation semantics (for
non-default compilation semantics) or the run-time semantics
that the compilation semantics would
default compilation semantics). The ANS Forth standard does
not specify clearly what the returned xt represents (and
also talks about immediacy instead of non-default compilation
semantics), so this word is questionable in portable programs.
If non-portability is ok,
find-name and friends are
better (see Name token).
search-wordlistc-addr count wid – 0 | xt +-1 search “search-wordlist”
Search the word list identified by wid for the definition named by the string at c-addr count. If the definition is not found, return 0. If the definition is found return 1 (if the definition is immediate) or -1 (if the definition is not immediate) together with the xt. In Gforth, the xt returned represents the interpretation semantics. ANS Forth does not specify clearly what xt represents.
words– tools “words”
Display a list of all of the definitions in the word list at the top of the search order.
vlist– gforth “vlist”
Old (pre-Forth-83) name for
Root– gforth “Root”
Add the root wordlist to the search order stack. This vocabulary makes up the minimum search order and contains only a search-order words.
Vocabulary"name" – gforth “Vocabulary”
Create a definition "name" and associate a new word list with it. The run-time effect of "name" is to replace the wid at the top of the search order with the wid associated with the new word list.
seal– gforth “seal”
Remove all word lists from the search order stack other than the word list that is currently on the top of the search order stack.
vocs– gforth “vocs”
List vocabularies and wordlists defined in the system.
current– addr gforth “current”
Variable – holds the wid of the compilation word list.
context– addr gforth “context”
@ is the wid of the word list at the
top of the search order.
|• Why use word lists?:|
|• Word list example:|